Pakistan is the country with so much beauty and variety in its culture and traditions. By having 180 peaks with heights rang ing from 4000 to 7000 meters above sea level it always attracts the climbers. Due to the fact that Pakistan have top five peaks of World, one of which is the most highest peak Karakorum and the other four peaks lie in the surrounding of Concordia, the confluence of Baltoro Glacier & Godwin Austen Glacier always attracts the tourists.
Gilgit Baltistan due to its colorful and joyful culture always been a very attractive place to visit. The area is known to be a par adise for mountaineers. This is a place with 500 km wide & 350 km deep area having population of about 1.8 million according to the latest survey.
Gilgit Baltistan is found to be the most mountainous and lucrative. It has over 700 peaks above 6000 meters and more than 5 peaks above 8000 meters including five of the highest perks in the world that attracts the hikers and climbers. In spite of this all, there is world’s second highest peak K-2 that is the real beauty of this area. Gilgit Baltistan is not only surrounded with the rock pyramid K-2 (8611m) but also with the Killer mountain Nanga Parbat (8126m), T…
History and People
The region has a rich history of small states such as Hunza, Nagar, Gilgit, Punial, Ghizer, Skardu, Shiger and Khaplu. On 1st November 1947, Gilgit got independence from the Dogra forces and ap peared as an independent state. On 14th august 1948, Skardu was liberated and became a part of Pakistan. A provisional government (aburi ha komat) was established by the Gilgit locals Raja Shah Raees Khan as the Head of the region. The provisional government lasted for 16 days and on 16th November 1947, it came under the administration of Pakistan.
Language & Religion
The major languages of the region are Shina, Wakhi, Khowar, Brushuski and Balti. Most of the languages are considered to be related with Dardic ancestry (a blend of indigenous language with Aryans). Balti language is more influenced from Tibet. Urdu is widely spoken, while English is understood across major towns. The major reli gion in GB is Islam with various sects like Sunni, Shia, Ismaili, and Nurbakshia along with others.
Rock Art & Archaeological
The GB region was largely dominated by Buddism which has left various rock inscribed texts and images of 500 BC to 8th Century AD. Some 20000 spots are found but the important ones are Chilas Rock inscriptions, Manthal rock carved figure of Buddha, Kargah Buddha, Danyor Rock and the sacred rocks of Ghanish.
Mountain Ranges & Peaks
Karakorum, Himalayas and Hindukash along with Pamir’s are the famous mountain ranges of the world. The region has the greatest clusters of peaks above 7000 meters while five out of four teen 8000 meters mountain ranges of the world are also located in GB. Apart from these giants, there are also few important peaks like Gasher brum iv, Muztagh tower, Chogolisa, Masherbrum K1, Trango towers, Distaghil Sar, Rakaposhi, Diran, Spantik, Ultar and Haramosh present in the region.
Fauna and Flora
The alpine flowers of the region are Aster, Potenil las, Delphinium, Daisy, Parsley/Rosemary, Mus tard, Honeysuckle, Carnation, Gentian, Geranium, Mint, Peas, Lilly, Evening Primrose, Poppy, Plan tain, Sea Lavender, Buttercups, and Rose. The trees of Fir, Birch, Cedar, Juniper, Spruce, Chilgoza, Chir, Blue pine, Deodar, Willow, Oak and Sycamore are famous. Common brushes and shrubs include Ephedra, Rose, Tamarisk, Viburnum and Artemis ia.
The GB high quality of delicious fruits like cherry, apricot, mulberry, plum, peach, apple, pomegran ate and grape. Apricot of Hunza and Shigar is be lieved to be the most delicious fruit. The main crops include maize, wheat, barley, millet, potato, peas and beans. Various fruits and nut trees are also present in the region. The livestock include sheep, goat, cow, horse and yak.